History

The place was founded in 1740 by the emperor, Ghazi-ud-din, who called it Ghaziuddinnagar after himself and built a spacious structure consisting of 120 rooms of masonry with pointed arches. Only the gate, a few portions of the boundary wall and a massive pillar about fourteen feet in height remains now, the precincts now being inhabited. His mausoleum still stands in the city but is in a bad state of preservation. The city was the scene of fighting during the Indian Mutiny, 1857-58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. In an encounter between the freedom fighters and a small British force the former were defeated while trying to hold the Hindon. This was the first war of independence and it brought Ghaziabad much of its glory. From the historical cultural, mythological and archeological point of view Ghaziabad is a prosperous city. This has been proved from the research work and excavations done in the district. The excavation work carried out at the mound of Kaseri situated on the bank of river Hindon, 2 km north from Mohan Nagar shows that civilization was developed here in 2500 B.C.

Historical Importance

From the historical cultural, mythological and archeological point of view Ghaziabad is a prosperous city. This has been proved from the resarch work and excavations done in the district. The excavation carried out at the mound of Kaseri suitated on the bank of river Hindon, 2 km north from Mohan Nagar shows that civilization was developed here in 2500 B.C. Garhmukteshwar which provides salavation to the people and the Pooth village situated on the banks of river Ganaga are associated with the Mahabharat period. Nearby is the Ahar region which was supposed to be the capital of Pandava's and Janamejay's Nag yagya site. The Loni fort is associated with Lavanasura of the Ramayana period. As per the Gazetteer the fort was named after Lavanasura (from Lavana it changed to Loni). On the eastern border of the district is situated the village "KOT" which is associated with the famous emperor SamundraGupta, who performed the Aswamedha yagya here after destroying the fort and "Kot Kuljam" (princes of the Kot dynasty), which was an incident of great historical importance at that time. During the region of Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tuglak in 1313, this entire region had become a huge battle field. Sultan Nasiruddin who was famous for his simplicity and honesty spent his childhood in the Loni fort here. The attack of Taimur came on this fort and the human massacre by him are well known references of history. The importance of Loni increased during the Mughal period as the Mughal King used to come here for hunting and pleasure trips. A Baage Ranap is a memorial of that period.It is clear from the recent reaserches that seven wars were fought in this region. The Kot war in the fourth centuary was fought at Loni and the war between Taimur and the Indian warriors was fought at Surajpur. The Maratha-Mughal war, the war between the ruler of Bharatpur King Surajmal and Najib on the banks of the Hindon river,and the war in 1803 between Sir General Lake and the Royal Maratha army were fought here but the most important war was fought at the banks of river Hindon on 30-31 May, 1857 with the British. This was the first war of independence and it brought Ghaziabad much of its glory. Infact during the 1857 war,the entire district witnessed scenes of this public war.